[Documentary filmmaker, b. 1948, Hewlett, New York, lives in Cambridge, Massachusetts.]
What is it that angers us?... We have been tricked. In essence, we have been lied to. The problem is not that the photograph has been manipulated, but that we have been manipulated by the photograph.
Photographs attract false beliefs the way flypaper attracts flies.
If you want to trick someone with a photograph, there are lots of easy ways to do it. You don’t need Photoshop. You don’t need sophisticated digital photo-manipulation. You don’t need a computer. All you need to do is change the caption.
They say seeing is believing, but the opposite is true. Believing is seeing.
All alone—shorn of context, without captions—a photograph is neither true nor false…. For truth, properly considered, is about the relationship between language and the world, not about photographs and the world.
There’s this crazy thinking that style guarantees truth. You go out with a hand-held camera, use available light, and somehow the truth emerges.
Photography presents things and at the same time hides things from our view, and the coupling of photography and language provides an express train to error.
...we do not form our beliefs on the basis of what we see; rather, what we see is often determined by our beliefs.